Ambedkar LLB 1st year Legal Language, Legal Writing & General English  (2022)  (English Medium)

Rs. 120.00 60.00/-

Author: Parth/Ambedkar
Book Code: OBM/21/10/173196
Publisher: Parth Publishers

Product Details

 Legal Language, Legal Writing & General English




(1) There shall be ten questions in the examination paper, two questions from each unit. The candidate is required to attempt five questions, one question from each unit is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. (2) The syllabus includes latest amendments in the subject wherever applicable.

OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE: This course is designed to scientifically relate the Law and English Language as the means and methods for development of effective reading, writing, communication and presentation skills. The objective of this course is to introduce students to the nuances of legal language and writing, and its use and application through the study of judicial opinions, common legal maxims and legal terminology. It also seeks to familiarize students with the principles governing legal drafting, and equip them with the ability to draft simple legal documents and with academic legal writing assuming increasing significance in this day and age, both for students and practitioners, emphasis has also been placed on developing and honing students‘ research and writing skills through the study of the works of eminent jurists, as also practical writing exercises.


UNIT - I Legal Language: Introduction to Language and Communication; Use of Legal Phrases and Terms List of Legal Terms; Latin Maxims; Pair of words; One-word substitution;

UNIT - II Reading and Comprehension Skills: Comprehension of Legal Texts; Prescribed Leading Cases; Newspaper Reading;

UNIT - III Legal Writing: Fundamental Principles of Legal Writing; General Guidelines Relating to Legal Writing; How to write a case comment; Precise Writing; Brief Writing and Drafting of reports; letters and applications; Essay writing and topics of legal interest; Translation (from English to Hindi and Hindi to English); Resume; Writing for Employment-Designing Cover letters; Difference between Bio-Data, Resume and Curriculum-Vitae;

UNIT - IV Communication & Presentation Skills: Importance of communication skills for a legal professional; Verbal, Non-verbal and Paralinguistic Communication; Brevity, Clarity, Simplicity, Accuracy and Appropriateness; Barriers to good communication and how to avoid them; Etiquettes and Manners for Law Professionals; Body Language; Group Discussion; How to Face an Interview; Presentation techniques;

UNIT - V Academic Legal Writing: Sources of Legal Material, Literature review, Writing an Abstract, Formulating Research Question, Methodology, Formal Writing Style, Plagiarism, Citation Methods (Footnotes), Examination Strategies, Written communication including emails and formal letters;



Abet Abate Abstain Accomplice Act of God Actionable Accuse Adjournment Adjudication Admission Affidavit Amendment Appeal Acquittal Articles Assent Attested Attornment Averment Bail Bailment Blockade Bonafide By-laws Charge Chattels Citation Clause Coercion Code Cognizable Confession Compromise Consent Conspiracy Contempt Contingent Contraband Conviction Convention Corporate Custody Damages Decree Defamation Defense Deposit Detention Discretion Distress Earnest Money Enact Enforceable Equality Escheat Estoppel Eviction Executive Ex-parte Finding Floating charge Franchise Fraud Frustration, Good Faith Guardian Habeas Corpus Hearsay Homicide Inheritance Illegal Indemnity Inheritance In limine Insanity Institute Insurance Intestate Issue Judicial Jurisdiction Justice Judgment Justiciable Legislation Legitimacy Liable Liberty License Lieu Liquidation Maintenance Malafide Malfeasance Minor Misfeasance Mortgage Murder Negligence Negotiable Instruments Neutrality Non-feasance Notification Novation Nuisance Oath Obscene Offender Order Ordinance Overrule Partition Perjury Petition Plaintiff Pledge Preamble Pre-emption Prescription Presumption Privilege Privity Process Promissory Note Proof Proposal Prosecution Procedural Proviso Ratify Receiver Redemption Reference Regulation Remand Remedy Repeal Res Judicata Respondent Restitution, Rule Ruling Schedule Section Settlement Sovereignty Stamp Duty Status quo Statute Succession Summons Surety Tenant, Testator Testatrix Title Tort Trade Mark Treason Treaty Trespass Trial Tribunal Trust Ultra vires Undue influence, Usage Verdict Vested Violate Vis-major Void Voidable Waiver Warrant Warranty Will Writ Wrong



1. A mensa et thoro (from table and bed)

2. Ab initio (from the beginning)

3. Actio personalis moritur cum persona (Personal right of action dies with the person)

4. Actus curiae neminem gravabit (an act of the Court shall prejudice no one)

5. Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea (the act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty intent).

6. Actus reus (wrongful act)

7. Ad interim (in the meantime)

8. Ad liteam (for the suit)

9. Ad valorem (according to the value)

10. Adjournment sine die (adjournment without a day for a further meeting or hearing)

11. Alibi (plea of being elsewhere)

12. Allegans Contraria Non Est Audiendus (One making contradictory statements is not to be heard)

13. Amicus curiae (friend of the Court)

14. Animus (intention)

15. Audi alteram partem (hear the other side)

16. Bonus judex secundum aequum et bonum judicat et aequitatem stricto juri praefert (A good judge decides according to justice and right and prefers equity to strict law.) 


17. Caveat emptor (buyer beware)

18. Consensus ad idem (agreement by the persons upon the same thing in the same sense)

19. Corpus delicti (Body of the crime)

20. Corpus juris civilis (Body of civil law)

21. Dammum sine injuria (damage without injury)

22. De facto (in fact)

23. De jure (in law)

24. Decree nisi (a decree which takes effect after a specified period)

25. Delegates non potest delegare (a delegated power cannot be further delegated)

26. Deminimis non curat lex (the law does not account of the trifles)

27. Denatio martis cause (gift by a person on the death-bed)

28. Doli incapax (incapable in malice)

29. Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat (The burden of proof is on the one who declares, not on one who denies) 30. Ejusdem generis (of the same category) 31. Eminent domain (the supreme rights) 32. Ex officio (from the office) 33. Ex specialis derogat legi generali- (Specific law takes away from the general law) 34. Ex turpi causa non oritur actio (No action arises on an immoral contract.) 35. Ex parte (not in the presence of the opposite party) 36. Ex post facto (by subsequent act) 37. Factum valet (the fact which cannot be altered) 38. Fait accompli (an accomplished fact) 39. Fortior est custodia legis quam hominis (The custody of the law is stronger than that of man) 40. Fraus et jus nunquam cohabitant (Fraud and justice never dwell together.) 41. Ignorantia legis neminem excusat (ignorance of law is no excuse) 42. In pari materia (in an analogous case, cause or position) 43. Injuria sine damno (injury without damage) 44. Interest re publicate ut sit finis litium (it in the interest of the republic that there should be an end of law suit) 45. Interpretare et concordare leges legibus est optimus interpretandi modus (To interpret and harmonize laws is the best method of interpretation.) 46. Intra vires (within the powers) 47. Judex non potest esse testis in propira causa - A judge cannot be witness in his own cause. 48. Jus terti (the right of a third party) 49. Justitia nemini neganda est (Justice is to be denied to no one) 50. Lex citius tolerare vult privatum damnum quam publicum malum (The law would rather tolerate a private injury than a public evil.) 51. Lis pendens (pending suit) 52. Mens rea (guilty mind) 53. Mesne profits (the profits received by a person on wrongful possession) 54. Mors dicitur ultimum supplicium (Death is called the extreme penalty.) 55. Nemo dat quod non habet (no man can transfer better title than he himself has) 56. Nemo Debet Bis Vexari Pro Una Et Eadem Causa (no man can be twice vexed for the same cause) 57. Nemo judex in causa sua (no one shall be a judge in his own case) 58. Nemo punitur pro alieno delicto - No one is punished for the crime of another. 59. Obiter dicta (an opinion of law not necessary to the decision) 60. Onus probandi (the burden of proof) 61. Pacta sunt servanda (pacts must be respected) 62. Pendent elite (during litigation) 63. Per capita (counting heads) 64. Per incuriam (though inadvertence or carelessness) 65. Post mortem - After death 66. Prima facie - On the face of it 67. Pro bono publico (for the public good) 68. Pro rata - In proportion. 69. Quoties in verbis nulla est ambiguitas, ibi nulla expositio contra verba expressa fienda est - When there is no ambiguity in words, then no exposition contrary to the expressed words is to be made. 70. Ratio decidendi -Reason for the decision 71. Ratio est legis anima, mutata legis ratione mutatur et lex - Reason is the soul of the law; when the reason of the law changes the law also is changed. 72. Res gestae (connected facts forming the part of the same transaction) 73. Res ipsa loquitur (the thing speaks for itself) 74. Res judicata (a matter already adjudicated upon) 75. Res nallius (an ownerless thing) 76. Respondeat superior -let the master answer 77. Rule nisi (a rule or order upon condition that is to become absolute case is shown to the contrary) 78. Status quo (existing position) 79. Sub judice (in course of adjudication) 80. Sui juris (on one‘s own right). 81. Suo motu (of ones own accord) 82. Ubi jus ibi remedium (where there is a right, there is a remedy) 83. ultra vires (beyond the powers of) 84. Vigilantibus non dormientibus aequitas subvenit -Equity aids the vigilant, not the sleeping 85. Volenti non fit Injuria (Risk taken voluntarily is not actionable)

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