Indian Political System
This One Week Series is Written in English Language in Question Answer Series According to syllabus of Maharishi Dayanand University.
Indian Political System
Note: Each theory paper is divided into three independent units. The question paper will be divided into three parts: Part.A, Part.B. Part.C., Part-A (20 marks) is compulsory and contains 10 questions at least three questions from each unit. Each question is of two marks (20 words) Part-B (20 Marks) is compulsory and will contain five questions; at least one from each unit. Candidate is required to attempt all five questions. Each question is of four marks150 words. Part-C 60 Marks contains six questions: two from each unit Candidate is required to attempt three questions one from each Unit. Each question is of twenty marks (400 words).
Historical Background of the Constitution: Main Currents of National Movement- Moderates, Extremists.
Constitutional Development: Govt. of India Act 1909, Govt. of India Act 1919 with special reference to Diarchy, Govt. of India Act, 1935 with special reference to Provincial Autonomy.
The Constituent Assembly-Origin, Organization and functioning. The main characteristics of the Indian Constitution; The Constitution Amendment Process. The ideological elements - Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Fundamental Duties and Secularism.
The Union and State Government
President - Election, Position, Powers and Functions, Council of Ministers and Prime Minister - Position and role. Parliament - Organization Power and working of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Modes of Relationship between the two houses.
The Supreme Court - Organization and jurisdiction, Judicial Review, Judicial Activitism, Conflict of supremacy between the parliament and supreme court.
The State Government: Governor - Position and role, the Council of Ministers and Chief Minister, the state legislature.
The Federal System - The need and nature of the federal system, center-state relations, areas of tension and demand for autonomy.
The Party System, Political Parties - National and Regional. The Election Commission, Electoral Reforms and Voting Behavior, Voting Behavior of 2014 Lok Sabhas Election.
Determinants of Political System:
(a) Economic: Class and Poverty
(b) Sociological: Caste, Religion, Region, Language, Gender and terrorism
(C) Political: Political parties and pressure groups.